Health promotion has been defined by the World Health
Organization's (WHO) 2005 Bangkok Charter for Health Promotion
in a Globalized World as "the process of enabling people to
increase control over their health and its determinants, and
thereby improve their health". The primary means of health
promotion occur through developing healthy public policy that
addresses the prerequisites of health such as income, housing,
food security, employment, and quality working conditions. More
recent work has used the term Health in All Policies to refer to
the actions to incorporate health into all public policies.
There is a tendency among public health officials and
governments—and this is especially the case in neoliberal
nations such as Canada and the USA—to reduce health promotion to
health education and social marketing focused on changing
behavioral risk factors.
Government agencies in the U.S. concerned with health
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has a
Coordinating Center for Health Promotion who mission is "Prevent
disease, improve health, and enhance human potential through
evidence based interventions and research in maternal and child
health, chronic disease, disabilities, genomics, and hereditary
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health has
developed Total Worker Health, a strategy incorporating elements
of occupational safety and health and health promotion, to
advance the health and well-being of employees
The United States Army Center for Health Promotion and
Preventive Medicine "provides worldwide technical support for
implementing preventive medicine, public health, and health
promotion/wellness services into all aspects of America's Army
and the Army Community".
Nongovernmental organizations in the U.S. concerned with health
The Public Health Education and Health Promotion Section is an
active component of the American Public Health Association.
The Wellness Council of America is an industry trade group that
supports workplace health promotion programs.
URAC accredits comprehensive wellness programs "that focus on
health promotion, chronic disease prevention and health risk